Ontology

2017-07-27T17:47:58+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Cosmos, Anima mundi, Eternity, Nominalism, Present, Consensus reality, Posthuman, Existence, Object (philosophy), Occam's razor, Objectivity (philosophy), Fatalism, Externalism, Physicalism, Posthumanism, Destiny, Indeterminism, Kardashev scale, Multiverse, Teleology, Problem of universals, Hylomorphism, Subject (philosophy), Human condition, Sat (Sanskrit), Transcendence (philosophy), Mathematical universe hypothesis, Information Coding Classification, Non-physical entity, Substance theory, Transcendentals, Dualism (philosophy of mind), Inherence, Process philosophy flashcards Ontology
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  • Cosmos
    The cosmos (UK /ˈkɒzmɒs/, US /ˈkɒzmoʊs/) is the universe regarded as a complex and orderly system; the opposite of chaos.
  • Anima mundi
    The world soul (Greek: ψυχὴ κόσμου, Latin: anima mundi) is, according to several systems of thought, an intrinsic connection between all living things on the planet, which relates to our world in much the same way as the soul is connected to the human body.
  • Eternity
    (For other uses, see Eternity (disambiguation).)("Sempiternal" redirects here. For the album by Bring Me the Horizon, see Sempiternal (album).) Eternity in common parlance is either an infinite or an indeterminately long period of time.
  • Nominalism
    Nominalism is a metaphysical view in philosophy according to which general or abstract terms and predicates exist, while universals or abstract objects, which are sometimes thought to correspond to these terms, do not exist.
  • Present
    The present (or here and now) is the time that is associated with the events perceived directly and in the first time, not as a recollection (perceived more than once) or a speculation (predicted, hypothesis, uncertain).
  • Consensus reality
    Consensus reality is that which is generally agreed to be reality, based on a consensus view.
  • Posthuman
    Posthuman or post-human is a concept originating in the fields of science fiction, futurology, contemporary art, and philosophy that literally means a person or entity that exists in a state beyond being human.
  • Existence
    Existence is commonly held to be that which objectively persists independent of one's presence.
  • Object (philosophy)
    An object is a technical term in modern philosophy often used in contrast to the term subject.
  • Occam's razor
    Occam's razor (also written as Ockham's razor, and lex parsimoniae in Latin, which means law of parsimony) is a problem-solving principle attributed to William of Ockham (c. 1287–1347), who was an English Franciscan friar, scholastic philosopher and theologian.
  • Objectivity (philosophy)
    Objectivity is a central philosophical concept, related to reality and truth, which has been variously defined by sources.
  • Fatalism
    Fatalism is a philosophical doctrine stressing the subjugation of all events or actions to fate.
  • Externalism
    Externalism is a group of positions in the philosophy of mind which argues that the conscious mind is not only the result of what is going on inside the nervous system (or the brain), but also what occurs or exists outside the subject.
  • Physicalism
    In philosophy, physicalism is the ontological thesis that "everything is physical", that there is "nothing over and above" the physical, or that everything supervenes on the physical.
  • Posthumanism
    Posthumanism or post-humanism (meaning "after humanism" or "beyond humanism") is a term with at least seven definitions according to philosopher Francesca Ferrando: 1.
  • Destiny
    Destiny or fate is a predetermined course of events.
  • Indeterminism
    Indeterminism is the concept that events (certain events, or events of certain types) are not caused, or not caused deterministically (cf. causality) by prior events.
  • Kardashev scale
    The Kardashev scale is a method of measuring a civilization's level of technological advancement, based on the amount of energy a civilization is able to use for communication.
  • Multiverse
    The multiverse (or meta-universe) is the hypothetical set of finite and infinite possible universes, including the universe in which we live.
  • Teleology
    Teleology (from Greek telos, meaning end or purpose) is the philosophical study of nature by attempting to describe things in terms of their apparent purpose, directive principle, or goal.
  • Problem of universals
    In metaphysics, the problem of universals refers to the question of whether properties exist, and if so, what they are.
  • Hylomorphism
    Hylomorphism (or hylemorphism) is a philosophical theory developed by Aristotle, which conceives being (ousia) as a compound of matter and form.
  • Subject (philosophy)
    "A subject means subject, but an object means object.
  • Human condition
    The human condition is "the characteristics, key events, and situations which compose the essentials of human existence, such as birth, growth, emotionality, aspiration, conflict, and mortality.
  • Sat (Sanskrit)
    Sat (Sanskrit: सत्) is a Sanskrit word meaning "the true essence and that "which is unchangeable" of an entity, species or existence.
  • Transcendence (philosophy)
    In philosophy, the adjective transcendental and the noun transcendence convey the basic ground concept from the word's literal meaning (from Latin), of climbing or going beyond, albeit with varying connotations in its different historical and cultural stages.
  • Mathematical universe hypothesis
    In physics and cosmology, the mathematical universe hypothesis (MUH), also known as the Ultimate Ensemble, is a speculative "theory of everything" (TOE) proposed by the cosmologist Max Tegmark.
  • Information Coding Classification
    The Information Coding Classification (ICC) is a classification system covering almost all extant 6500 knowledge fields (knowledge domains).
  • Non-physical entity
    In ontology and the philosophy of mind, a non-physical entity is a spirit or being that exists outside of physical reality.
  • Substance theory
    Substance theory, or substance attribute theory, is an ontological theory about objecthood, positing that a substance is distinct from its properties.
  • Transcendentals
    The transcendentals (Latin: transcendentalia) are the properties of being.
  • Dualism (philosophy of mind)
    In philosophy of mind, dualism is the position that mental phenomena are, in some respects, non-physical, or that the mind and body are not identical.
  • Inherence
    Inherence refers to Empedocles' idea that the qualities of matter come from the relative proportions of each of the four elements entering into a thing.
  • Process philosophy
    Process philosophy (also ontology of becoming, processism, or philosophy of organism) identifies metaphysical reality with change and development.
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